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Eritrea Popular Destinations

The Old Steam Train In Africa

The railway between Asmara and Massawa and from Asmara to Keren was initially established in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The railway was functioning until 1975 but was destroyed completely during the war. Sadly the once-proud stations, the tracks and beautiful works of engineering were reduced to rubble by the colonists who used them as trenches.

Asmara, Eritrea

Keren

Keren grew around the Eritrean Railway to Asmara .

​Attractions in the city include the nineteenth-century Tigu Egyptian fort, the St Maryam Deari chapel, lying in a baobab tree, the 1920s former railway station, the old mosque, Sayed Bakri Mausoleum, British Army and Italian Army cemeteries and local markets. The nearby sixth century Debre Sina monastery is also known for its cave dwellings.
Keren, Eritrea

Massawa

Massawa is a port city in Eritrea, on Africa's Red Sea coast. In the old town, on Massawa Island, a mix of Italian, Egyptian and Ottoman architecture reflects the city's colorful history. On nearby Taulud Island, notable buildings include the crumbling, war-damaged Imperial Palace and St. Mariam Cathedral. Near the cathedral, 3 tanks form a monument commemorating those who died in Eritrea's civil wars.

Massawa, Eritrea

The Ancient Port Of Adulis

The port of Adulis was one of greatest significance in Antiquity. It is best known for its role in Aksumite trade during the fourth – seventh centuries AD. It is connected to Aksum in Ethiopia by a tortuous mountain route to Qohaito, thence across the plateau to the city itself. However it is also a major port of the Periplus of the Erithraean Sea, a sailors’ hand-book of the first century AD. Not only did it offer a good harbour on the route to India, but it was a source for luxuries such as ivory, tortoise-shell and rhinoceros horn.

The site was first identified by Henry Salt, who visited it in 1810, and noted that the site was still called ‘Azoole’ by the natives. There is little reason to doubt Salt’s identification as it accords well with the Periplus. It lies in a deep bay of exactly the right dimensions (the Gulf of Zula, 200 stades = 33km deep) and at the entrance, near the other shore is a hilly island (Dissei), ‘Oreinê’ of the Periplus. It is about 10 hectares in extent and comprises substantial mounds, some of which have clear indications of walls. 

Eritrea

Tsorona-zalambessa

Zalambessa (Ge'ez: ዛላምበሳ) is a town located on the Ethiopian border. is part of the Misraqawi (Eastern) Zone of the Tigray Region It is about 37 kilometers north of Adigrat

History

Zalambessa was a village that was fortified by Italian colonial forces. The fortifications were taken over by the Ethiopian military in 1952 when Eritrea was federated with Ethiopia. The older village (Tsorona) remained under Eritrean Administration and the exact border became an issue before and during the Eritrean-Ethiopian War (1998–2000). 

In 2000, Eritrea and Ethiopia signed the Algiers Agreement (2000) which forwarded the border dispute to a Hague boundary commission. In the Agreement both parties agreed in advance to comply with the ruling of the Border Commission. In 2002, the commission ruling, reconfirmed and made more precise in their final ruling effective November 2007, placed Tsorona inside Eritrean territory, and Zalambessa inside Ethiopian territory.
Kuwaiti Prime Minister Sheikh Nasser Mohammed Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah announced in July 2009, during a 3-day visit to Ethiopia, that his country would provide a $63 million loan to Ethiopia, part of which would be used to build a road between Wukro and Zalambessa

According to the Eritrean Information Ministry, Ethiopian Forces crossed the border early on New Year’s Day 2010, and engaged in a fierce battle with Eritrean troops before quickly withdrawing back over the border, after having 10 soldiers killed and 2 taken prisoner. Ethiopian government spokesman Bereket Simon denied that any armed incursion had taken place.

Eritrea

Gedam Tsaeda Emba

The Tsaeda Emba Monastery in Anseba region has been registered as one of the major tourist destination sites in Eritrea at large and the region in particular, stated Aba Woldekidan from the monastery. 

He noted that Tsaeda Emba Monastery is one of the oldest monasteries in the country, and its uniqueness as regards location and cultural treasures in it constitute major center of attraction both for domestic and international tourism.

Bishop Aron Andom, Secretary in charge of churches in Anseba region, commended the steps being taken to preserve the abundant historical and archaeological relics in Eritrea, and indicated that over 630 year-old holy books are housed inside the monastery.

He further reminded all the concerned authorities and the people to reinforce endeavors in making the monastery one of the highly visited places in Eritrea. 

Eritrea

Hamelmalo

Hamelmalo is a village situated some 15 kilometers from Keren on the way to Nakfa. The site is famous for its college of agriculture where students graduate  in Agricultural Economy, Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Extension, Agronomy, Animal Science, Horticulture, Land and Environmental Resources, as well as Veterinary Science.

Eritrea

Omhajer Town

Omhajer Subregion is a subregion in the western Gash-Barka region (Zoba Gash-Barka) of Eritrea. Its capital lies at Omhajer. The area has a patented history with the Italians and the struggle between the Eritreans and Ethiopians.

Gash-Setit and Omhajer District is often referred to as "the breadbasket of Eritrea" because the area is agriculturally rich and more fertile than most of Eritrea.[1] Crops such as sorghum, millet, legumes, cotton and sesame are produced in the area. The high agricultural potential of the area was recognized by the Italians during the occupation and in 1928 they established the Alighidir cotton plantation in the area which provided cotton for the Barattolo Textile Factory in Asmara.[2] Citrus fruits and bananas were also produced in the Gash-Setit but many of the plantations were destroyed during the Eritrean War of Independence in the 1960s or by the Ethiopian army during the 2000 conflict.

The Tigre and Hedareb populations which introduced pastoral farming and grazing in the area has come into conflict with the Kunama peoples with the result that economic production in the area is now concentrated on arable farming 

Eritrea

The Lake Abha-bada

Gazing from a distance, the place looks like a hole in the surface of the earth facing towards the sky. But upon a closer look one can see that it is a pristine and eerily still lake in the middle of an arid and desert like area. Flanked by crescent shaped hill on one side and sand dunes on the other, the lake extends over a crater-like area of 20 sq. kms.  Named "Abha Bada", this lake is found in the Gelalo sub zone of the Northern Red Sea Region. Though its name literally means 'the smelly lake' in the Afar language, the lake is surprisingly fresh and clear.

Lake Abha Bada is the result of a volcanic eruption in the area some centuries ago. The source of the lake's water is in the sand dunes located on the east side of the lake. Though the water from this source is very warm, it can be used for drinking and doesn't burn the skin unlike hot springs in different parts of the country. 

Eritrea

Aligider

Aligider is located ten kilometers to the west of Teseney in the country of Eritrea. It is part of the Teseney sub-zone and has a diverse population. It is considered the last settlement in Eritrea before reaching the Sudanese Border and is located in the lowlands.

Agriculture, livestock raising and trade are very important to the economy of the area. Aligider has access to potable water from both the Gash River and underground water resources. Processes of irrigation have created an artificial marsh near the Gash River which provides a large habitat for many bird species.

Aligider was once an Italian frontier village.Aligider was an agricultural area, growing cotton and other crops, and managed by the Societa Impresse Africana (SIA). SIA helped develop Aligider into a company town, housing tenant farmers and other workers on the plantation. A school and clinic were set up and by the 1950s, the plantation employed 2,000 Eritreans, 15 Italians and "provided a residence for another 12,000 part time workers and family members."
A well-known Italian business that was established for many years in Aligider was the Barattolo cotton plantation which was established in 1965 by Roberto Barattolo in a purchase from SIA.This acquisition from the SIA allowed Barattolo to export knitwear to both Europe and the Middle East.

Aligider received significant damage from the sacking by Ethiopian forces. Many of the Italian artifacts left from its time as a frontier village were destroyed in 2001 through Ethiopian military actions.

Eritrea